Maybe there are still many people who have never heard the term PCOS. PCOS is usually experienced by women who will make the menstrual cycle not smooth or even make it difficult to have children. From here it might appear what is the meaning of PCOS and how to overcome it. The following is the explanation.
The Meaning of PCOS
PCOS is an abbreviation of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. This disease or syndrome attacks the hormonal balance of women in childbearing age. An imbalanced hormone will cause the ovum or egg cannot develop properly. Besides that sufferers will also have excessive masculine hormones (androgens).
Excessive androgen hormone will cause the ovaries to produce bags filled with fluid. That is what makes an egg cannot develop properly and fails to be released regularly. This makes the menstrual cycle not smooth.
Besides having higher androgen hormone levels, women who suffer from PCOS will have high insulin levels. Especially for those who have a body weight above normal weight and have a family with a history of diabetes mellitus. That’s what is the meaning of pcos.
Symptoms of PCOS
After knowing the meaning of PCOS, there is an agreement to find out what is experienced by sufferers of PCOS. The following are some of the symptoms that PCOS sufferers will experience.
1. Menstrual Disorders
PCOS sufferers will usually experience irregular and prolonged menstrual disorders. for example menstrual distances less than 21 days or more than 35 days. besides menstrual blood that comes out will be quite heavy. and sufferers of this PCOS will experience menstruation less than 8-9 times in one year.
2. Symptoms Caused By Androgen Hormones Are Increased
Androgen hormone levels that increase in women will cause physical symptoms such as men. among them appear dense hair on the face or body. Besides that there will also appear severe acne and baldness.
3. Suffered From Several Ovarian Cysts
In patients with PCOS, cysts can be found around ovary. As a result of the production of fluid-filled sacs and preventing the ovum from developing, cysts can develop.
4. Dark Skin Color
For sufferers of PCOS will experience some parts of the body to become dark. Especially in the folds, neck folds, groin and under the breast.
How To Treat PCOS Sufferers
After knowing what is the meaning of pcos, how dangerous it is for women and what are the symptoms, surely there will be questions about how to overcome it? The following are some ways that can be done to overcome PCOS.
1. Lose Weight
One of the causes of PCOS is being overweight. So women are encouraged to do PCOS therapy by losing weight. Losing 5 to 10 percent will help menstrual cycles become more regular. It also can control blood sugar levels and ovulation.
2. Hormones Therapy
Hormone is also one of the causes of PCOS. Therefore it is important to conduct hormone therapy by providing contraceptive drugs. However, the administration of these drugs is only given to people who do not plan to become pregnant. This therapy will restore the menstrual cycle to normal, abnormal hair growth and reduce the risk of endometrial cancer.
3. Overcoming Infertility
To overcome infertility caused by PCOS can be done by administering drugs that can stimulate ovulation. Or you can also administer gonadotropic hormone injection.
That was a little explanation about what is the meaning of pcos, how dangerous it is for women and what are the symptoms, and how to treat PCOS sufferers. If some of the symptoms have not yet appeared try to prevent it. Like doing a healthy lifestyle, exercising regularly, reducing sweet foods, not smoking and much more.